Excise duty on petroleum products is calibrated time to time for generating resources for infrastructure and other developmental items of expenditure, Minister of State for Finance Pankaj Chaudhary said in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha.
The change in duties takes into account relevant factors such as international product prices, exchange rate, tax structure, inflation and keeping in view the prevailing fiscal situation, the minister said.
“Certain representations have been received to bring petrol and diesel under GST (goods and services tax). Article 279 A (5) of the Constitution prescribes that the Goods and Service Tax Council shall recommend the date on which the goods and services tax be levied on petroleum crude, high speed diesel, motor spirit (commonly known as petrol), natural gas and aviation turbine fuel (ATF), ” the minister said
Citing the CGST Act, the minister said inclusion of these products in GST will require recommendation of the GST Council. “So far, the GST Council, in which the states are also represented, has not made any recommendation for inclusion of these goods under GST,” Chaudhary said further.
He said the government keeps a close watch on the factors affecting the international fuel prices and makes interventions by way of calibrating excise duty rates on these products as and when required.
“Government has, with effect from, 4th November, 2021, reduced Central Excise Duty (including cesses) on petrol by Rs 5 per litre and on diesel by Rs 10 per litre to provide relief to the consumers,” he added.
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